switzerland where a century ago albert einstein began working on his theories of relativity. ideas that would profoundly shape the modern world. the surviving pilot of a russian fighter jet says he and his co-pilot received no warning. the russian foreign minister sergei lavrov says the country will now reconsider its relations with turkey, but will not be going to war over what happened. the turkish government maintaining the plane violated its air space, despite persistent warnings. one pilot died, the other has been found alive by the syrian army. let us the circumstances of him being found alive and taken somewhere where he can give his side of the story, and also tell
us what else he had to say. >> reporter: well, it was a 12-hour rescue effort to try to save the captain. he has basically parachuted out of his downed plane with the pilot. the pilot was shot from the ground by turkmen rebels as he was parachuting down. the other one managed to survive, but for many, many hours, it was unclear what his fate was. it was revealed earlier today by the russian president that he had been saved. it was a long rescue effort to try to get him. and the rescue effort had been conducted by both russian and syrian special units. he was taken back to the russian air base in syria. in that interview, he said that there was no chance that the
plane that he was in crossed into turkish air space. he said he and the pilot knew the area like the back of their hands, so this absolutely wasn't so. he said there was no attempts by the turkish planes or turkish military to warn them about what the turks were just about to do, and when this missile hit their plane, they had no chance to dodge it. this interview has gone out on russian tv. russians who are now severely displeased with turkey and what it has done. here is my report for the day. murders, they chanted. many russians are angry with turkey and protests have occurred in a few cities in the past hours. this was the turkish embassy in moscow. eggs were thrown a few arrests were made. >> translator: this is the
embassy of murders, who showed their beastly grin. >> reporter: tuesday's incident killed a russian pilot shot to death by turkmen rebels while parachuting from his plane. but the russian jet navigator has a lucky escape. >> translator: he was saved, the navigator. i believe he is already at our base, and he is like all of the others involved in the operation, including the rescue operation will receive state awards. the ministry of defense has come up with this proposal, and he will be awarded the star of the russian ministry posthumously. >> reporter: russia wants to show it has the ability to blow turkey's planes out of the sky too. the kremlin has a tricky task
here. it says there has to be serious consequences for what vladimir putin has called a treacherous stab in the back, but at the same time, turkey is a nato member, and that's reason enough to tread carefully. sergei lavrov says russia does not intend to go to war with turkey. in that russian attitudes to the turkey people haven't changed they just have questions about the actions of the leadership. turkey's president defending what it has done. >> translator: nobody should expect us to remain silent when our border security is constantly breached. our legal rights and right of independence are undermined. we are only defending our own security, and the right of our brothers. >> reporter: turkey wants russia's air attacks on turkmen rebels to stop. it insists isil is not operating
in that part of northern syria, and that russia knows this. let's go to jamal live for us now in ankara, you'll tell me whether there has been any reaction to what the pilot said. but there could be a meeting between him and sergei lavrov in the next few days, but russia is sort of pouring cold water on this. >> yes, david, the turks have essentially wasted no effort in trying to calm things down at least publicly speaking. they have been trying to say the right things in terms of conciliatory messages. the turkish foreign minister said they were looking to have a meeting between the two countries. the russian foreign minister was expected to come to ankara today prior to the downing of that jet. obviously that trip was
canceled. the turks so far haven't responded officially to the pilot's claims that they never entered. partially because the prime minister and the government are in the first parliamentary session since the government was announced earlier today. so maybe when they come out we'll hear something. but prior to those claims by the pilot, the turks yesterday tried to use every possible means to prove as far as they are concerned that the russian aircraft did enter turkish air space. they showed radar footage. they brought in aviation experts and the likes to demonstrate how that aircraft haden -- had entered, and they claim their warnings were ignored. >> a lot of people were saying even if the plane did go into
turkish air space it would have only been for about 17 seconds. so that is not really enough time to say get out of the way, and fire a rocket themselves. >> that's true. however, the turks say the warnings were given as the plane was approaching turkish air space. and also they won't to the fact that this isn't the first time russian aircraft, war planes have entered turkish air space. there was an incident on the 4th of october, just over a month ago where a similar thing happened. and turkey at the time through the prime and president said they would retaliate, and they activated a nato meeting at the time as well to discuss the potential reactions to any similar breeches. so they say this isn't the first time, and it's not an isolated incident and their hand was forced. they also say they were unaware
it was an russian plane. all they knew was it was an unknown airplane. but right now that has more to do with the discussions of how they are going to resolve this. the questions people are asking here in turkey and i'm sure in russia is will this escalate or will a diplomatic solution be reached. and that's what people are waiting to find out. >> thank you. russia's military activities in support of the assad government in northwest syria continue. our correspondent is in lack tackia and spent this report. >> reporter: the russian war planes have carried out dozens of raids in the turkman mountains. the mountain behind me has also been targeted. the air raids went parallel with
artillery, supported by ground units against a village and the mountain. ground forces also tried to advance towards the mountain of the kurds. the situation here is similar to the scene in the northern countryside. tens of thousands of people have been forced to leave their homes and head for this mountainous area, facing severe cold and a very bad humanitarian situation as winter sets in. ♪ mooez klee isil says it was behind tuesday east deadly bus attack in central tunisia. tunisian authorities said a suicide bomber carried out the attack with 10 kilos of
explosionives. tunisia's prime minister has said its country is at war with what he calls terrorists. >> translator: we are at war with terrorism. in this war on terrorism, there will be sacrifices. i have said this numerous times, but i want to confirm this war on terrorism is not just the responsibility of the government alone or the security services and the military on their own. it's a national responsibility. everyone must understand our country is in danger, and we must all standing united. the u.s. commander in afghanistan says the air strike on a doctor's without border hospital was caused primarily by human error. he described the incident as a tragic accident. >> the report determined that as the operation proceeded, the u.s. soft commander through the
j-tack requested the aircraft to engage the building that the air crew mistakenly believed was the nds headquarters. >> so what did go so terribly wrong? >> reporter: well, really a series of what they called systemic and procedural errors, but mainly human airs. the air crew didn't verify that it was not a valid military target, that of course a basic tenace of the laws of war. general campbell saying that those most closely involved have been suspended pending what he calls a disciplinary and administrative procedures.
his spokesman saying there is the first step. but doctors without borders had called for an independent international investigation. by a u.n.-mandated commission. there was a nato investigation into whether civilians were killed and as you said, david, 30 people were killed including 14 staff of the hospital and patients and at least three children. now we understand that the president's office has just issued a statement well coming the investigation, but for doctors without borders, they would like to see an investigation outside of the military command look into what happened to their hospital. they reported the coordinates of the hospital. they had the coordinates at least three days before the attack, but there was confusion between the air crew and their
commanders at the air base miles away, who -- who failed to notice that the coordinates send to them were actually those coordinates of the hospital. >> thank you jennifer glass there in kabul. stay with us here on al jazeera. take a look at these pictures. this is desert country. we'll have the latest on the heavy flooding that has hit the saudi capitol. ♪
>> every monday night. >> i lived that character. >> go one on one with america's movers and shakers. >> we will be able to see change. >> gripping... inspiring... entertaining. "talk to al jazeera". monday, 6:00 eastern. only on al jazeera america. ♪ >> these are global headlines, one of the two pilots who
parachuted from a russian jet before it hit the ground in syria, says turkey gave no warning before opening fire. russia has ordered the role out of his systems in syria. the u.s. military says human error was to blame for an air strike on a doctor's without borders hospital in the afghan city of kunduz. after four days of paralysises in schools have reopened in the belgium capitol, brussels. but hundreds of troops are still out and about in search of a number of see suspects linked to the paris attacks. >> reporter: brussels is ten -- tentatively lifting some of their restrictions.
but people are still anxious. >> of course we have to be careful, because any moment something can happen, but, you know, you can get hit by a car also. i mean danger is everywhere. >> reporter: below and above ground there is still a heavy military and police presence. a thousand extra personnel have been called in to patrol brussels and other belgium cities. every few minutes a reminder that this is a country hunting for the remaining suspects in the paris attacks along with people who may be planning more. as well as the metro system schools and universities have reopened also, but the government has maintained the highest security level, level number 4, which basically means an attack is imminent. it says it is not just playing it safe, it is acting on credible intelligence. >> reporter: it has issued an
international arrest war rent for this man. he was seen driving a car used in the paris attacks. but despite several raids and multiple arrests there is still little progress in the hunt for this man. police believe when he escaped after the attacks he may have still been wearing an explosive vest. at the university students are arriving back on campus. armed police stand guard. and the main library remains closed. here students try to make sense of the chain of global events that suddenly without warning have had such a big impact on their ordinary lives. >> maybe in two weeks there will be no more cops and soldiers on the streets, but the feel of the threat will still be present if not just in the media. it's real. >> reporter: the government says
the alert level will remain at the maximum for at least another week, the price of keeping europe safe, but many question how long this can last. neave barker, al jazeera, brussels. frn pope francis has landed in nairobi on the first stop of his african tour. [ cheers and applause ] >> big crowds were there to welcome the head of the catholic church into the kenyan capitol. it's his first official trip to africa, where he is expected to push for reconciliation and unity. he is expected to travel on to uganda and the central african republic. catherine soi live for us in nairobi. i can see the weather is not too good where you are. he has got a pretty packed trip. >> reporter: absolutely. pretty packed trip. we're told -- a lot of people
are saying his most [ inaudible ] trip yet, especially that trip to address the ongoing conflict between muslim and christian groups. but he does spend the night in a very chilly, very cold city. it has been raining very heavily in the last ten minutes also. and he did address the nation about 15 minutes ago, just focusing -- telling the nation about some of the issues that he is going to be focusing on, in the three days he is going to be in the country. he talked about investing and protecting the youth. protecting the environment. he also talked about the need to renew humanity, through reconciliation, peace and healing. he talked about violence and conflict, it comes at a time when the continent is also battling several countries, also
battling various armed group. there was a attack on the radisson blue hotel in mali. there's boko haram in nigeria that is threatening regional security. there's isil elements in north africa as well. and closer to home regional forces are fighting al-shabab group based in somalia. the group fighters have been carrying out attacks in kenya, uganda and somalia, as well. so he is expected to talk about the need of reconciliation, cohesion for religious tolerance as well. but david, a lot of people here are keen to hear his thoughts about governance. many will say corruption in kenya is at a critical level. the president himself addressed the nation on monday, and said that -- declared corruption a threat to national security.
to people are keen to hear what the pope has to say about corruption in governance. we don't expect him to be very specific on national issues and politics, but people want to hear -- you know, to -- to hear him set the tone and receive his guidance. >> thank you, catherine soi in nairobi. the relatives of rubber plantation workers killed in malaysia nearly 17 years ago have lost their appeal in the u.k. for an official investigation in the shooting. the u.k.'s highest court backed the british government's argument that europe doesn't have an obligation to hold an inquiry into deaths that happened so long ago. emma hayward has the latest. >> reporter: the supreme court here in london has rejected a call by the families to hold public inquiry into what
happened because too much time has lapsed. back in 1948, 24 unarmed civilians were shot dead by british forces. now in the days after the shootings, it was painted as something of a military victory for the british. however, in the intervening years a different narrative of events has surfaced, backed up by some of the soldier's testimonies who said those 24 people have been killed in cold blood. the families have been pushing for what they say is justice for years, taking this case to the high court here, and also the court of appeal. this, though, is the highest court in the land. the families then will be very disappointed by the decision made here today. in the philippines about a thousand families have been left homeless by a massive fire. helicopters dropped water on the blaze on the outskirts of the
town. it couldn't immediately be extinguished because of poor access to the area. protests in chicago after foodage of a white police officer shooting a black teenager 16 times. police say the teenager refused to drop a knife. several hundred people held a largely peaceful demonstration in the city with the crowd chanting 16 shots. in saudi arabia, one person has been confirmed to have died in the deluge that hit the capitol riyadh. and schools are closed for a second day. large parts of the city are underwater. one person has been killed, about 100 kilometers from the capitol. at least eight people died last week in heavy flooding in western saudi arabia.
2015 is likely to have been the hottest year on record according to the united nations. the early announcement was made earlier than usual, so it can be talked about next week in paris. two reasons given, in greenhouse gas emissions and the el nino elements. >> next year is likely to be warm again because when you have an el niño, the -- stalt stat -- statistically it is not only on this side of the el nino, it is also on the other side. it is exactly a hundred years since albert einstein published his theory of
relativelity. our science editor has followed the einstein trail to switzerland where the young scientist did his ground work for his later discoveries. >> reporter: einstein's theory came ten years after his more famous eequals mc squared. this has allowed astrophysicists to calculate. >> the amount of gravity will not be enough to produce that distortion. you need extra pass that you cannot see, and that is called dark matter. and the analysis of dark matter
comes because of [ inaudible ]. >> einstein's equations are also the basis of global positioning technology found in smartphones and used widely for navigation. the einstein museum houses other technologies he helped develop including this compass still used on ships. the equations presented by einstein in 1915 changed forever our understanding of the physical world. from the effect of gravity on light and the passing of time to the existence of black holes. it was also the beginning of a period that would see him become a superstar, one of the most well-known thinkers of the 21st century. after initially supporting the development, einstein later campaigned against nuclear weapons. he was always a vocal supporter of human and civil rights.
>> those were topics which moved many people all over the world, and he had a credibility, he has the pop star looks, also his personality. i don't think that he intended to be a pop star, but he really fit perfectly well into this need for a pop star. >> reporter: his theories also had a philosophical side, one he often expressed in the tens of thousands of personal letters he wrote. >> everybody realized that the things we do every single day are a permanent part of the universe from that moment on, i think everybody would treat each other a little bit better, and make sure they leave that mark that that would be proud of. >> reporter: he also challenged though around him to try each day to comprehend a little bit of the mysteries of life.
the important thing he said was to never stop questioning. celebrating an extraordinary [ inaudible ] get a great deal more on all of the top stories and the background if you go to aljazeera.com. aljazeera.com. ♪ security concerns as americans hit the road for thanksgiving. the president set to speak in just a few moments. protesters hitting the streets of chicago, anger and calls for action after a dash cam video is made public. it shows an officer repeatedly shooting a black teen. and turkey and russia both urging peace after a russian